Bringing a Dracaena into your home is the perfect way to add life and color to any space. Not only are these beautiful, low maintenance plants sure to make a statement with their wide variety of pleasing foliage shapes and colors, but they are also incredibly beneficial to our health! Studies show that caring for a Dracaena houseplant can reduce airborne dust particulates, boost oxygen levels in the air, as well as help filter out damaging chemicals like formaldehyde.
They can also be an effective natural humidifier for those dry winter months–a great benefit for these desert plants! With very little effort you can enjoy all the wonders this resilient, attractive plant has to offer.
Different Types of Dracaena Houseplants
There are many different types of dracaena houseplants, but some of the most popular include:
- Dracaena fragrans: This is the most common type of dracaena and is often called the corn plant. It has long, slender leaves that are green with yellow or white stripes.
- Dracaena marginata: This plant is also known as the Madagascar dragon tree. It has long, narrow leaves that are green with red or purple edges.
- Dracaena deremensis: This plant is also known as the Janet Craig dracaena. It has long, broad leaves that are dark green.
- Dracaena sanderiana: This plant is also known as lucky bamboo. It has long, slender leaves that are green or yellow.
- Dracaena reflexa: This plant is also known as the song of India. It has long, narrow leaves that are green with white or yellow stripes.
- Dracaena surculosa: This plant is also known as the golden bird. It has long, slender leaves that are green with yellow or white stripes.
Dracaena plants are relatively easy to care for and make great houseplants. They prefer bright, indirect light and should be watered when the top inch of soil is dry. They should also be fertilized every two weeks during the spring and summer.
Dracaena plants are non-toxic to humans and pets, but they can cause skin irritation.
Essential Care Tips for Dracaena
When it comes to caring for Dracaena houseplants, there are a few key essential tips to keep in mind. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy and should be allowed to dry out in between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot and impede the plant from absorbing moisture and nutrients from the soil. Make sure to place it in a spot with access to plenty of sunlight and provide Dracaena with a humid environment by placing pebbles and water in a shallow tray under the pot.
If you notice yellow leaves or brown spots, it is likely due to temperatures that are too low, so make sure that your plants stay warm. Fertilize bi-monthly during spring & summer using diluted liquid fertilizer and reduce frequency once fall & winter come around since these plants tend to go dormant during the cold months of the year. Follow these simple tips and your Dracaena will thank you by providing you with many years of beautiful foliage.
Identify the right spot in your home for your Dracaena
Finding the best spot in your home for your Dracaena is key to keeping it healthy and growing. Although this type of houseplant is surface tolerant and can tolerate a wide range of light levels, it prefers indirect light or filtered sunlight for the best results. Bright natural light should be avoided.
Additionally, Dracaenas require average warmth and humidity but no drafty places should be selected as it will detriment the plant’s growth. The ideal location is an area that receives ample air circulation such as near a large window on the western or southern side of a room to avoid too much intense sunlight.
Finally, it is also important to note that Dracaenas appreciate regular misting and their soil should remain consistently moist so they need to be placed somewhere where they are easily accessible for watering and care.
Choose an appropriate soil type and container size
Your Dracaena houseplant will need to be planted in soil that is well-draining, slow draining and slightly acidic. Soils should also be rich in organic material and have good air circulation. It is best to avoid using garden soils as they tend to hold too much water which can lead to root rot or other problems when caring for your Dracaena.
It is also important to select an appropriate size container for your Dracaena roots as well. Make sure the container is just a bit larger than the root system and not too big or else it will hold too much moisture, leading to root rot. Make sure you have plenty of drainage holes at the bottom of the container to allow excess water to escape.
Watering your Dracaena
When it comes to watering your Dracaena houseplant, the key is to keep the soil moist but not soggy. The best indicator of when you need to water is when the top layer of soil begins to feel dry. If the leaves start wilting or drooping, then it’s time to give it some more water. Make sure to avoid over-watering as it can lead to root rot.
To make sure the soil stays moist, you can also mist your Dracaena every couple of days with lukewarm water or use a humidifier if the air in your home is too dry. In addition, fertilize bi-monthly during spring and summer using diluted liquid fertilizer and reduce frequency once fall and winter come around.
Provide adequate light while avoiding too much direct sunlight
Dracaena houseplants prefer bright, indirect light and should be kept away from direct sunlight. Direct sun can cause the leaves to burn, so if you do place your plant in a sunny spot make sure it is not for extended periods of time. Placing your Dracaena near a large window on the western or southern side of the room is ideal for providing ample light without risking sunburn. If you notice yellow leaves or brown spots, it is likely due to temperatures that are too low, so make sure that your plants stay warm.
Fertilize consistently following instructions on the fertilizer label
For optimal growth, fertilize your Dracaena houseplant consistently throughout the year. Fertilizing bi-monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer during spring and summer is recommended but you should reduce the frequency of fertilization to once every two months or so during fall and winter. As with any plant, be sure to follow instructions on the fertilizer label for proper application and dosage, and always water the plant well before fertilizing to avoid burning the roots.
Recognizing Signs of Stress and Illness in Your Plant
Healthy Dracaena houseplants will look vibrant and have glossy green leaves, but if the plant looks wilted or has brown, yellowing or droopy leaves, then it is likely suffering from stress or illness. Check for common signs of pests such as mealybugs and spider mites, which often cause discoloration or drooping of leaves. In addition, if the soil is too dry or wet and drainage is poor, root rot can occur, which will cause yellowing leaves as well. To treat any pests, you can use insecticidal soap and to treat root rot you may need to replant your Dracaena in fresh soil.
Properly caring for a Dracaena houseplant is key to ensuring it thrives and remains healthy. First off, make sure the pot of your plant has sufficient drainage holes and use good quality soil that retains moisture. Secondly, water the plant regularly – about once a week should be sufficient for most climates. Since over-watering can be dangerous to your plant’s health, you should check the soil level with your finger before watering it again.
Thirdly, find a spot near a window or other light source for the plant to get enough sunlight – indirect sunlight is best for these kinds of plants. Lastly, eliminate any insects as soon as possible by spraying insecticides/pesticides; even if you don’t see any insects, this is key in caring for your Dracaena and making sure they don’t take over your houseplant.
Caring for a Dracaena houseplant can seem daunting at first, but following these guidelines should ensure its continued healthy growth.