The ZZ Plant: A Care Guide for Beginners

If you are looking for an easy houseplant for beginners, the ZZ plant is a great option. These plants are also known as Zanzibar Gem plants and the full name Zamioculcas zamiifoli. They are one of the most popular houseplants around for good reason. It’s very easy to care for a ZZ plant and they can thrive in a variety of conditions.

How to Care for a ZZ Plant

This plant is native to Africa and does well in most home environments. Even the most low-maintenance plants require some basic care, though. Here’s a quick guide on how to keep your ZZ plant happy and healthy. In this care guide, we will discuss the best way to water, fertilize, and care for your ZZ Plant. We will also provide some tips on how to deal with common problems that can occur with this plant.

What is the ZZ Plant?

The ZZ Plant or Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a popular houseplant due to its attractive glossy leaves and resilience. Native to east Africa, ZZ plants thrive in warm, humid conditions, preferring bright indirect light and minimal watering. They make excellent beginner plants as they can tolerate lower light levels and occasional overwatering compared with other more temperamental varieties.

This slow-growing evergreen doesn’t need much pruning either; just remove any dead or damaged leaves. Whether you are looking for an effortless addition or want to make a statement with a species no one else is growing, the ZZ plant could be the perfect fit for your indoor garden.

Why should you consider getting a ZZ Plant

The ZZ Plant makes a fantastic addition to any home or office, as it can thrive in virtually any environment and requires minimal attention. Not only does it look great, with its glossy green leaves that stand out against many different color schemes, but it’s also an incredibly resilient houseplant.

How to Care for a ZZ Plant

The ZZ Plant can survive drought conditions by curling its leaves to prevent water loss and reveal a starker silhouette. Plus, the shape of the leaves retains moisture well. With very little maintenance, the ZZ Plant is sure to bring beauty into your space while requiring almost no effort. It might also help purify the air, too.

How to Care for Your ZZ Plant

With its unique and eye-catching leaves, the ZZ Plant is a great addition to any home or office. To keep it healthy and looking its best, it’s important to know how to keep proper care of it.


ZZ plants can tolerate low light conditions, but they’ll grow best in bright indirect light. Avoid placing them in direct sunlight, as this can scorch their leaves.


Water at most every three weeks, allowing the soil to dry out between screenings. ZZ plants are great at storing water, so be careful not to overwater. When you do water, make sure to use tepid or room temperature filtered water (not cold!) as this will be more effectively absorbed by the plant’s roots.

Watering a ZZ Plant

The key is not to drown your plant – it prefers moist soil but doesn’t need overly wet roots. When you water, make sure that it reaches all the way through the pot.


ZZ plants prefer average room temperature, between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They can also tolerate lower temperatures, but they will go dormant and stop growing.


These plants prefer moderate humidity, but they can tolerate dry air. If your air is very dry, you can try misting your ZZ plant occasionally or place on a pebble tray.

Related Article: Humidity and Houseplants


ZZ plants don’t require a lot of fertilizer, but you can fertilize them once a month during the growing season (spring and summer). Use a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength. The ZZ Plant loves a liquid fertilizer that is balanced with both nitrogen and potassium as this helps provide maximum nourishment.

ZZ Plant

Usually, once a month is enough, but make sure to always follow packaging instructions when using any kind of fertilizer. To keep your plant healthy, don’t forget to dilute any fertilizer before use. Also, avoid getting it in the center bud where new leaves grow from. This can cause damage or burning. Taking these simple steps will ensure your ZZ Plant has everything it needs to thrive.


These are slow-growing plants and don’t need to be repotted very often. When you do repot a ZZ, choose a pot that is one size larger than the current pot. Use a well-draining potting mix and be sure to water the plant thoroughly after repotting.


ZZ plants are very easy to propagate. To propagate a ZZ plant, simply cut off a leaf stem at the base of the plant. Remove the bottom leaves from the stem and place it in a glass of water. Place the glass in a bright spot and change the water every few days. Roots will begin to form in a few weeks. Once the roots are a few inches long, you can plant the stem in a pot with well-draining potting mix.

More Care Tips for the ZZ Plant

There are a few additional things to be aware of when caring for your ZZ Plant. First, while they don’t need to be fertilized often, you should feed them during the summer months. You can do so with an organic fertilizer made specifically for houseplants. Secondly, avoid letting temperatures dip below 40F as this could injure the stem.

Finally, make sure to keep a close eye on any drafts or cold windows. These can dry out the leaves and cause yellowing. With these extra care tips in mind, you can ensure that your ZZ Plant continues to look beautiful all year.

The ZZ Plant is relatively easy to care for, but there are some problems that can arise if conditions are not kept optimal. For instance, the plant could get too much light and its leaves will start to bleach or turn yellow. To prevent this problem, it’s best to keep it in a spot with bright, indirect light. Watering should be moderated as well, so the leaves don’t turn brown due to under-watering or wilt due to over-watering.

How to Care for a ZZ Plant

It’s best to water when the topsoil is on the drier side, as the plant doesn’t tolerate wet feet. Lastly, something home gardeners often find themselves fighting against is pests. If you find any unwanted critters on your ZZ Plant, rinse off any affected leaves and spray with an insect control solution. Following these care tips should help you keep your ZZ Plant happy and healthy.


The ZZ Plant is a beautiful and low-maintenance houseplant that can bring life to any home or office. With its unique leaves and resilient nature, it’s easy to see why this plant has become such a popular choice for indoor gardening enthusiasts. 

There are only a few things a ZZ plant really needs to be healthy and happy. Remember to water once every three weeks with tepid or room temperature water. You will want to fertilize once a month with an organic fertilizer that is balanced with nitrogen and potassium, too. Also, keep in check of any drafts or cold windows. With just the right care, your ZZ Plant can provide years of beauty to any space it inhabits.

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